The Great Indian Muslim personalities, who participate Indian freedom struggle and also the Muslim citizens, who serve in the various fields like Political, Literature, Education, Islamic Religious Works, Arts & Culture, Science & Technology, Administration, Defence Service, Judiciary, Sports, Philanthropist and Industrialists etc..... Please visit and suggest with E-mail address.

426. Aamir Rashadi Madni

File:Maulana Aamir Rashadi Madni.jpg

Aamir Rashadi Madni was born on 5 December 1961 in Azamgarh. His basic education is fromJameatur Rashad and then he graduated from Madinah University, in Saudi Arabia. 

Now he is running an Arabic university Jameatur Rashad in Azamgarh. He is also the founder and national president of the political organisation Rashtriya Ulama Council (RUC) which are working in many states of India like Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar etc.

Source : Wikipedia

425. Prof S. A. Abbasi

Senior Professor and Head,
Centre for Pollution Control and
Environmental Engineering (CPEE),
Pondicherry University. 
Dr. S. A. Abbasi has taken PhD (IIT Bombay) and DSc(Cochin University of Science & Technology) and had hispost-doctoral training at Japan, specializing in environmental engineering, and energy systems. He has been elected Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, and Institution of Engineers.

Beginning his professional career in 1970, Prof Abbasi has taught at IIT Bomaby, BITS Pilani, and Bhopal University before joining Centre for Water Resources, Kozhikode. There he headed Water Quality & Environment Division for eight years (1979-87). In 1984 he was honoured with Visiting Professorship of California State University, USA, and held that position till 1987. In 1987 Prof Abbasi moved to a professorial chair at Pondicherry (Central) University where he continues till now, becoming Senior Professor in 1997. Prof Abbasi has been consultant, International Foundation for Water Science & Technology, Abu Dhabi (1995-97), Saudi Environmental Works, Saudi Arabia (1997 onwards) and Centre for Process Safety, Tehran (2004-present). He has also been consultant to a large number of industries in India including Neyveli lignite Corporation, Madras Refineries Limited, HOCL, TPL, Balmer-Lawrie, SPIC, Cutfast Abrasives etc and to Governments of India, Tamil Nadu, and Pondicherry. 

Prof Abbasi has been chairman / member of numerous national and international expert committees and has been session chairman of international conferences at USA, Europe, Asia and Africa on several occasions since 1984. He has been Member, Editorial BoardInternational Journal of Energy-Environment-Economics, and International Journal of Green Energy published from the USA, Indian Chemical Engineer, Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, Chemical and Environmental Research, etc.He is on the panel of referees of over 15 prestigious international journals including Trans IChemEJournal of Hazardous Materials, Environmental Monitoring & Assessment and Water Research, and is frequently called upon to assess R&D projects for national/international funding agencies. 

Prof Abbasi was conferred National Hydrology Award instituted by Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India in 1994, a $2000 Prize for Contributions to Environmental Education by International Desalination Association (USA), in 1996, and a Gold Medal by International Energy Conference in 1998. He has also received the S.K Seth Prize, the S. K. Mitra Memorial Award and the IPCL Award of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers; the Zen Yar Jang Medal of the Institution of Engineers. Recently he has been conferred the National Design Award in Environmental Engineering. 

Prof Abbasi has published over 380 research papers in reputed international journals and has authored 35 books published by Oxford University Press, Prentice-Hall, Orient Longman, etc. His Hirsch Index score of 21 (SCOPUS) is among the highest in the field of environmental engineering.
  1. Won National Hydrology Award given by Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, for contributions in the field of environmental hydrology; 1994.
  2. Won International Desalination Association’s $ 2000 prize on environmental impact assessment methodologies, 1995.
  3. Received Gold Medal and citation at the International Energy Conference ENERGEX ’98 held at Manama, Bahrain, 1998.
  4. Won Institute of Chemical Engineers’ S.K. Mitra Memorial Award (for the best technical paper published in 1997), 1998.
  5. Won the IPCL Award (a citation and Rs 10,000/-) for Safety & Hazard Management in Petroleum Industries, 2000.
  6. Won the S.K. Seth Award for the best paper published in The Indian Forrester during 1999 (awarded in 2000).
  7. Awarded by the Institution of Engineers, India, Nawab Zen Yar Jung Bahadur Medalfor the Best Paper in Environmental Engineering, 2001.
  8. Given the MAAS Best Paper Award for the year 2001 on the work on greenbelt design published in the Journal of Hazardous Materials.
  9. Received the National Design Award in Environmental Engineering from the Institution of Engineers, India, 2004.
  10. Appointed Member, Editorial Board, International Journal of Green Energy, published by Marcel Dekker, the USA.
  11. Appointed Member, Editorial Board, Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (CSIR), andIndian Chemical Engineer (IIChE).
  12. Member, Editorial Board, International Journal of Energy-Environment-Economics (USA).
  13. Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, UN / Abu Dhabi, 1995 – present.
  14. Consultant, International Foundation for Water Science & Technology, Abu Dhabi, 1995 - 1996.
  15. Listed in several international `who’s who’ and `man of achievement’ compendiums.

IIT Roorkee
Member, Band of Governors 2008 – 2011 

Banaras Hindu University,
Member of Court                                   : 2009-2012

Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India
Technical Advisory Committee                : 1996-99
Indian National Committee on Hydrology : 2005 – 2008 

Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India 
EIA panels                                         : 1983, 1984, 1985

Ministry of Nonconventional Energy Sources, Government of India
Task-force on Water Hyacinth           : 1984-86 

Department of Science & Technology, Government of India
PAC sub-committee                          : 1990
Expert Panel on Aquatic Ecology       : 1991 

Gauhati University
University of Madurai
Gandhigram University
University of Roorkee
MS University
BRAM University

Faculty selection committees              : 1989 - present

Government of Pondicherry
State Environment Committee            : 1992 - 1999 

Pondicherry University
Member, Academic Council              : 1992 - 95
Member, Court                                 : 1993 - 96
Member, Executive Council               : 1991-93; 1995 - 98
Chair, Board of Studies                     : 1990 - 95

  • Member, Organizing Committee, Miami International Conference on Alternative Energy Sources, USA, 1985
  • Convenor, Indian National Committee, appended to World Congress on Hazardous Wastes, 1986
  • Member, International Committee, Congress on Renewable Energy Sources, Madrid, 1986
  • Member, Organizing Committee, Miami International Conference on Alternative Energy Sources USA, 1987
  • Member, Organizing Committee, Miami International Congress on Energy & Environment, USA, 1989
  • Member, Organizing Committee, Cairo International Conference on Renewable Energy, 1990
  • Member, International Organizing Committee, Renewable Energy Congress, Kiev, 1993
  • Member, Organizing Committee, International Conference on Mutagens, Madras, 1996.
  • Member, Organizing Committee, International Energy Conference ENERGEX 2000, Las Vegas, USA, 2000.
  • Member, Technical Committee, International Congress on Resource Recycling & Recovery: Toronto 2000, Geneva 2001, Beijing 2005.
  • Member, Expert Committee, International Conference on Health, Safety, & Environment, Tehran, 2006; 2008, 2010.

  • Fellow, National Academy of Sciences
  • Fellow, Institution of Engineers
  • Fellow, Institution of Environmental Engineers
  • Fellow, Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • Fellow, Institution of Public Health Engineers
  • Fellow, Indian Association of Hydrologists
Source :

424. Dr. N. Thajuddin



Post - Doctoral Fellow (PDF / RA.), Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,Troy, New York, U.S.A. (1.4.1996 to 31.3.1997)

Ph.D., (Botany), Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli(August, 1991)

M.Phil.(Botany), A.V.V.M.Sri Pushpam College, Poondi (May, 1987)

M.Sc Botany Govt. Arts College, Karur (April, 1985) I

B.Sc Botany Govt. Arts College, Karur (April, 1983) I 

Professional Experience

Associate Professor, Bharathidasan University (From 12.9.2001 - till date)

Head, Dept. of Microbiology, Bharathidasan University (11. 5. 2007 - 23.9.2011)

Senior Lecturer, Bharathidasan University (From 12.9.1996 to 11. 9.2001)

Lecturer, Bharathidasan University (From 11.9.1991 to 11.9.1996) 

Area(s) of specialization

Marine Cyanobacteria, Microbial diversity, Molecular Taxonomy 

Subject(s) of Interest

Microbiology & Biotechnology 

Countries Visited

United States of America, Honk Kong, Maleysia and Singapore. 


1. நூ. தாஜுத்தீன் (2011) 'நுண்ணுயிரியலும் நோய்தடுப்பாற்றலியலும்' என்ற முதுநிலை பட்ட வகுப்பிற்கான இந்நூல் தமிழில் எழுதப்பட்டு தமிழ்நாடு மாநில உயர்கல்வி மன்றத்தினரால் (TANSCHE) ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளப்பட்டு தற்ப்போது அச்சுப் பதிப்பில் உள்ளது (412 பக்கங்கள்).

1. N. Thajuddin (2011) Microbiology & Immunology book in Tamil (Post Graduate level); Publisher : Tamilnadu State Council for Higher Education (TANSCHE) 412 pages  - (In Press).

2. Fungicides : Beneficial and Harmful aspects (2011) ISBN: 978-953-308-508-1 - N. Thajuddin (Editor), -  INTECH Open Access Publisher., 51000 Rijeka, Croatia. 266 pages.

3. Fungicides for Plant and Animal Diseases, (2012) ISBN 978-953-307-804-5 D.Dhanasekaran., N. Thajuddin and A. Panneerselvam (Editors) – INTECH Open Access Publisher., 51000 Rijeka, Croatia. 298 pages.

Membership in Professional Societies

1. Association of Microbiologist of India (From 1988)

2. Seaweed Research and Utilization Association (Life Member – from 2001)

3. Member in the Editorial Board - Seaweed Research and Utilization Journal

4. Krishnamurthy Institute of Alglology, Chennai (From 2001)

5. Indian Hydrobiology Journal, Chennai (From 2001)

6. Indian Phycological Society, New Delhi (from 2006)

7. Indian Association of Applied Microbiologists (Life Member – from August 2010)

8. National Academy of Biological Sciences (Life member from November 2010)

Prizes, Medals and Other Honours received

1. Awarded Merit Certificate from Indian Botanical Society (1989)

2. DBT Overseas Associateship Award [Long-term] (1994-1995) from the Dept. of Biotechnology, Govt. of India

3. Certificate of Appreciation from Bharathidasan University for the research work leading to the development of valuable new technologies in the area of marine cyanobacteria (2001)

4. The American Biographical Institute, North Carolina, USA has selected as honorary member of the Research Board of Advisors from 2004

5. Professor Probir Chatterjee Memorial Lecture Award 2008, University of Culcutta, Kolkotta.
Source :

423. Dr. Mohammed Zaheeruddin

Dr. M. Zaheeruddin obtained his B.Eng. degree in mechanical engineering from Osmania University, Hyderabad, India, in 1977, and his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, in 1980 and 1983, respectively. He joined Concordia University in 1987 as Associate Professor. His research is in the field of energy management control systems and dynamic modeling of HVAC thermal processes.



M. Zaheeruddin received the B.E. degree in mechanical engineering from Osmania University, Hyderabad, India, in 1977, and the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, in 1980 and 1983, respectively. From 1983 to 1987, he worked as a Research Associate in the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Alberta. Since 1987 he has been a Faculty Member in the Centre for Building Studies, Concordia University, where he now holds the rank of Professor. He presently serves on the editorial board of 'Energy', the International Journal.


Dr. Zaheeruddin's research activities lie in the domain of HVAC and Control Systems:
  • Dynamic Modeling of HVAC Thermal Processes: This is an important area of research for improving energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings. Dr. Zaheeruddin has contributed in developing methodologies for state space modeling of HVAC systems and components. A significant number of developed models are used in the design, optimization, identification and model validation studies. Real-time data analysis and diagnostics are some of the ongoing research projects.
  • Energy Management Control Systems: Optimal operation of building and HVAC systems is the goal of this research. Dr.Zaheeruddin with his group conducts research in developing intelligent control strategies. Three major activities of this research are Monitoring, Control and Optimization. Significant contributions include: development of decentralized control strategies; preview and adaptive controllers; and neural network based HVAC controllers. Ongoing research projects include online tuning and intelligent controls. Implementation and testing is conducted in a HVAC and Control Systems Laboratory.
  • Ongoing Research Areas:
    • Decentralized and Multivariable controls
    • Optimization of HVAC processes
    • Experimental Methods in HVAC Controls
    • Computer-Aided Design of HVAC Systems
    • Diagnostics of HVAC Systems


Undergraduate Courses
  • BLDG 371 - Building Service Systems
  • BLDG 471 - HVAC Systems Design
Graduate Courses
  • BLDG 6741 - Automatic Controls for Building Environment (New course name is BLDG 6741,HVAC Control Systems)
  • BLDG 6761- Intelligent Buildings


Sample Publications

  1. Zaheer-uddin, M, and Zheng, G.R, (2001) "Multistage optimal operating strategies for HVAC systems", ASHRAE Transactions, Vol.107, Part 2.
  2. Cho, S.H, Kim, W.T. and Zaheer-uddin, M, (2001) "Thermal characteristics of a personal environment module task air conditioning system: an experimental study", Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 42, pp. 1023 - 1031.
  3. Zaheer-uddin, M, Zhang, Z.L., and Cho, S.H, (2001) "Augmented control strategies for radiant floor heating systems", Int. Journal of Energy Research, Vol.25.
  4. Singh, G, Zaheer-uddin, M, and Patel, R.V, (2000) "Adaptive control of multivariable thermal processes in HVAC systems", Energy Conversion & Management , Vol.41, pp. 1671-1685.
  5. Zaheer-uddin, M, and Zheng, G.R, (2000) "Optimal control of time-scheduled heating, ventilating and air conditioning processes in buildings", Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 41, pp. 49-60.
  6. Zheng, G.R, and Zaheer-uddin, M, (1999) "Discharge air systems: Modelling and optimal control", Int. Journal of Energy Research, Vol.23, pp. 727-738.
  7. Cho, S.H, and Zaheer-uddin, M, (1999) "An experimental study of multiple parameter switching control for radiant floor heating systems", Energy, the Int. Journal, Vol.24, pp. 433-444.
  8. Wei-Ling Jian, and Zaheer-uddin, M., (1998) "Sub-optimal on-off switching control strategies for chilled water cooling systems with storage, Journal of Applied Thermal Engineering. Vol.18, No.6, pp. 369-386.
  9. Zaheer-uddin,M., Monastiriakos, P., (1998) "Hydronic heating systems: transient modelling, validation and load matching control" Int. Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 22, pp. 33-46.
  10. Cho, S.H. and Zaheer-uddin, M., (1997) "Temperature regulation of radiant floor heating systems using two-parameter on-off control: an experimental study", ASHRAE Transactions, Vol.103(1).
  11. Zaheer-uddin, M., Zheng, G.R., and Cho,S.H., (1996) "Optimal operation of an embedded-piping floor heating system with control input constraints", Accepted, Energy Conversion and Management.
  12. Zheng, G.R., and Zaheer-uddin, M., (1996). "Optimization of thermal processes in a variable air volume HVAC system", Energy, the Int. Journal, Vol.21 (5), pp.407-420.
  13. Zaheeruddin, M. and Patel, R.V. (1995) "Optimal Tracking Control of Multi-Zone Indoor Environmental Spaces", ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement & Control, Vol. 117, pp. 292-303.
  14. Zaheeruddin, M. and Zheng, G.R. (1994) "A VAV System Model for Simulation of Energy Management Control Functions: Off Normal Operation and Duty Cycling", Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 34, No. 11.Zaheeruddin, M. (1994) "Preview Control Systems for HVAC", ASHRAE Transcations, Vol. 100, Part 2.
  15. Zaheeruddin, M., Patel, R.V. and Al-Assadi, S.A.K., (1993) "The Design of Decentralized Robust Controllers for Multizone Space Heating Systems", IEEE, Transactions on Control Systems Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4.
  16. Zaheeruddin, M., (1993) "Decentralized Control Schemes for Heat Recovery Systems", Journal of Heat Recovery and CHP, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 201-212.
  17. Zaheeruddin, M., and Zheng, G.R., (1994) "A Dynamic Model of Multi-Zone VAV System for Control Analysis", ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 100, Part 1, pp. 219-229.
  18. Zaheeruddin, M., (1994) "Temperature Control of Multi-Zone Spaces Based on Forecasted and Actual Loads", Building Environment, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 485-493.
  19. Zaheeruddin, M. and Wang, J.C.Y., (1992) "Start-Stop Control Strategies for Heat Recovery in Multi-Zone Water-Loop Heat Pump Systems", Journal of Heat Recovery Systems & CHP, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 335-346.
  20. Zaheeruddin, M. and Fazio, P., (1991) "Zone-Adjustable Gas-Fired Modular Heating Systems", Journal of Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 31, No. 5.
  21. Zaheeruddin, M. Rink, R.E., and Gourishankar, V.G., (1990) "Heuristic Control Profiles for Integrated Boilers", ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 96, Part 2.
Mohammed Zaheeruddin received his BE (1987) from Osmania University, and MSc (1980) and PhD (1983) in mechanical engineering from the University of Alberta. He held a post-doctoral research position (1983-1987) in the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Alberta. He joined Concordia University as assistant professor in the Centre for Building Studies in 1987 and was promoted to associate professor in 1993.

Dr. Zaheeruddin has expertise in both thermal sciences and control engineering. The combination of these two areas of expertise is what distinguishes his work in the area of HVAC control systems. His research in various aspects of HVAC controls constitutes one of the earliest major contributions in this area. 

He has developed a strong externally funded research program in the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering in intelligent energy management control systems, and he has been instrumental in the establishment of the Thermal Environment and Control Systems Laboratory. He has also developed collaborations with the industry and government agencies.

He is the author of 85 technical papers, including 54 in refereed journals. As a recognized expert in the field of HVAC control systems, he has given several invited lectures and conference presentations. 
He was associate editor (1991-1999) of Energy – the International Journal. He is an active member of ASHRAE and serves on the Control Theory and Applications Technical Committee.

Dr. Zaheeruddin has served as undergraduate program coordinator of the building engineering program and is also a member of several departmental and faculty committees.

Source :,  

422. Lieutenant Commander Firdaus Darabshah Mogal

Lieutenant Commander Firdaus Darabshah Mogal was born on October 15, 1974, to Darabshah and Armin in Ahmedabad. Firdaus was the eldest of three sons. He did his schooling from Maneckji Cooper Educational Trust, Mumbai. He attended the Holiday Programme for Youth in 1990, which motivated him to join the prestigious National Defence Academy four years later. He was then commissioned into the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy as a Sub Lieutenant on January 1, 1998.

Being adventurous at heart, Firdaus volunteered for the submarine arm of the Indian Navy and passed the Basic Submarine course with flying colours. His illustrious career included appointments as Anti Submarine Warfare Officer onboard INS Shalki, the Training Coordinator of the Submarine School INS Satavahana, Vishakhapatnam, and the Executive Officer (second-in-command) of the submarine INS Shankush, where he worked till the day of his untimely demise.

For his professional competence, zeal, enthusiasm and devotion to duty, Lt. Cdr F.D. Mogal was commended by the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Naval Command, in 2007. On August 30, 2010, he made the supreme sacrifice in an unmatched show of fearless valour at sea under adverse weather conditions, while saving the lives of his shipmates onboard INS Shankush. He was a regular speaker at the Holiday Programme for Youth, conducted by the BPP, and spoke in May 2010 as well.

He is survived by his wife Kerzin and two-year-old son Yashan.

Indian Navys Lieutenant Commander Firdaus Darabshah Mogal from Mumbai was awarded the Shaurya Chakra ( posthumous) on Monday for his gallant deed of attending to the call of duty at the cost of his own life on August 30, last. " For an unmatched show of fearless valour in the face of death that saved the lives of six men onboard, Lieutenant Commander Firdaus Darabshah Mogal is awarded ‘Shaurya Chakra’, posthumously", reads the citation of the award.

Lt Cdr Mogal had assumed the duties of the Executive Officer of a naval submarine on May 26, last year. On August 29, whilst the submarine was enroute for a deployment, a defect was observed.
The authorities decided to surface the submarine in the exercise area post sunrise to attempt external repairs on the starboard flap since this was the only option that could enable it to continue her mission. At that time, the submarine was experiencing heavy seas and rough weather.
At around 6.55 am on August 30, when a team comprising three sailors, led by the Engineer Officer, was on the casing for defect rectification, a strong wave swept two of them and the Engineer Officer overboard. The third sailor was badly injured; Mogal immediately realised the gravity of the situation. Since the injured sailor hanging from the aft casing was required to be rescued, he himself proceeded for the job.
Firdaus Mogal
On reaching him, Mogal realised that the sailor was completely immobilized due to his leg injury. Displaying an unparalleled feat of heroism and fearlessness and with complete disregard for personal safety, the officer carried the sailor from aft casing to the bridge. Only a man of his strength and fortitude could have thought of even attempting such a task in the prevailing weather condition. He fought the nature in her elements and braved strong waves, heavy rainfall and severe rolling/ pitching that threatened to wash him and the injured sailor overboard. After about 20 minutes of frightening struggle, the officer reached the ladder on the fin that had to be climbed for handing over the injured sailor to bridge. The waves were such that even this ladder was getting submerged.
However, Mogal was not the one to give up. Once again a seemingly impossible task of climbing a narrow ladder with no strong foothold and a man on his shoulder was demonstrated by him. He handed over the injured sailor to bridge and then turned around to assist the divers in the recovery of the overboard men.
The recovery of the first casualty infused hope in the overboard men to hang on and they looked at their Executive Officer for their rescue.
Wife of Lt Commander Firdaus Darabshah (Posthumous) receiving Shaurya Chakra
The officer once again displaying an act of supreme bravery joined to assist the divers. He managed to pull overboard men close to the submarine. However, as he and the divers were assisting them to climb onboard a huge wave submerged them completely.
When the wave broke all six personnel, including the Executive Officer, were overboard.
In such circumstances, the officer maintained his cool and gathered all overboard men in one huddle. He then signalled bridge that he would get this huddle to climb onboard. Led by him, the huddle closed the submarines casing. He started helping others in the huddle to climb onboard.
He swam tirelessly and even made others stand on his shoulders so that they could climb onboard. His concern for his men in such dire circumstances was so much that he ordered all men to climb onboard before him.
Once all were onboard, the officer attempted to climb up and as he was about to reach, another unfateful wave washed him overboard.
It appeared that he had sustained head injuries due to this wave. He now seemed to be exhausted and realizing this, the Anti Submarine Warfare Officer ( ASWO) of the submarine proceeded to his rescue. Simultaneously, assistance of a Search And Rescue ( SAR) helicopter was called for from Mumbai. Lt Cdr Mogal, after saving the lives of six shipmates, seemed to be unconscious.
The ASWO held him till the SAR helicopter arrived around 30 minutes later. Lt Cdr Mogal was rescued by the copter and transferred to INHS Asvini.
However, the nations true son had succumbed to the injury and made the supreme sacrifice.

421. Lt.Col Salim Caleb

Tiger in the tank
Lt.Col Salim Caleb

In 1965, L.t. Col. Salim Galeb commanded the 3 cavalry in the Khem Karan sector. They were deployed in the Bhikhiwind Patil area to prevent an enemy attack thrust. On September 8, as enemy tanks broke through the Indian defences, L.t. Col Caleb intercepted them on the Bhikhiwind Khem Karan road and in the ensuing battle destroyed 6 tanks. The enemy was again thwarted as it moved towards the west and soon its advance was halted.
On September 10, as the Pakistani forces sought another breakthrough, the 3 cavalry deployed itself in two semi-circles prepared for any eventuality. At 3.30 p.m. a fierce tank battle commenced and accurate Indian firing destroyed 15 Patton tanks. Nine tanks were captured.
L.t. Col. Caleb received the Mahavir Chakra for leading his forces with rare anticipation and courage.

On 10 September 1965, Lieutenant Colonel Salim Caleb was in command of a cavalry regiment, which was engaged in a tank battle with Pakistani tank near Khem Karan. Despite heavy enemy fire for long spells, he exercised his command with calmness and fortitude and inspired his officers and men to fight against the enemy fearlessly. In this action 15 enemy Patton tanks were destroyed and nine others which were in good working conditions were captured. His cool courage, leadership and foresight contributed greatly to this outstanding success.

Source :,

420. Shaykh Dr. V.Abdur Raheem

Shaykh Abdur Raheem is an outstanding scholar in Arabic Language & Literature. His Madinah Arabic Books for the non Arabic speakers is an outstanding contribution to this ummah.
Childhood and Education
V. Abdur Rahim was born in the small town of Vaniyambadi in the state of Tamil Nadu, India in 1933. After finishing his secondary school studies, he joined Presidency College, University of Madras where he majored in English Language and Literature. He graduated in 1957. In 1964, he joined al-Azhar University, Cairo, where he did his M.Phil. and Ph.D. in Arabic Philology.

It is to be noted that Abdur Rahim learnt Arabic by himself. The school where he did his secondary school studies offered Arabic, but the lessons it offered consisted of only memorizing the conjugation tables. Abdur Rahim detested this method.  He thought that it was the most unnatural way of learning a language. Only dead languages like Latin, Syriac, etc. are taught this way. Living languages teach sentences straightaway. He decided to design a curriculum to teach Arabic to non-native speakers of Arabic.
Challenges Faced
When he was learning Arabic by himself, Abdur Rahim studied the many problems that beset the non-native students of Arabic, and tried to solve them. He discovered that all these problems can easily be solved by applying the principle of taqdîm al- usûl ‘ala al-furû‘, i.e. teaching the primary elements before the secondary elements. The following are some of the manifestations of the application of this principle:
  • Teaching the primary case-endings before the secondary ending, so you teach the masruf noun before the mamnu min al-sarf, and the al-afal al arba’ah before the al-af’al al-khamsah
  • Teaching the salim verb before the other categories
  • Teaching the al-mudari al-marfu before the al-mudari al-mansub or al-mudari al-majzum.
  • Teaching the plural of intelligent nouns before that of non-intelligent nouns.
Another principle Abdur Rahim advocates is that rules of waqf should not be applied during the teaching stage, for in that case the student cannot learn the correct ending of the last word in the sentence as, ma smu-ka and ma smu-ki, for example,  are both reduced to ma smu-k.

Degrees Awarded & Positions Held
  • Majored in English Language and Literature (University of Madras, India).
  • Holds M.Phil. and Ph.D. Degrees in Arabic Philology from the University of Al-Azhar (Cairo).
  • Formerly Professor of Arabic Language for 30 years at the International Islaamic University of Madinah
  • Has taught Arabic Language at the Islaamic Universities around the world: at Omdurman – Sudan,  Germany, Washington D.C. – U.S.A, and British Guyana.
  • Has been teaching Arabic as a foreign language for more  than 50 years.
  • An expert on European Languages and their etymology, phonetic change and semantic development.
  • Formerly the Director of the ‘Institute of Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language’, Islaamic University of Madinah.
  • Currently the Director of the Translation Centre at the ‘King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex’ (Madinah, Saudi Arabia).
Books Authored
The following are the books Dr. Abdur Rahim has written in the field of teaching Arabic as a foreign language:

  1. Durûs al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah (3 parts).
  2. Key To Durûs al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah (3 parts).
  3. Key To Exercises of Durûs al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah (3 parts).
  4. Teachers’ Guide To Durûs al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah (3 parts).
  5. A Glossary of Words used in Durûs al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah.
  6. Ahadith Sahlah.
  7. Nusûs min al-Hadîth al-Nabawiyy al-Sharîf.
  8. Nusûs Islâmiyyah.
  9. From Esfahan To Madinah.
  10. Al-Bâhith ‘an al-Haqq.
  11. Innahumâ min Mishkâtin Wahidah.
  12. Fi Balât Hiraql.
  13. Abshir bi-Khayri Yawm.
  14. Arba‘ûna Hadîthan.
  15. Al-Mus‘if fî Lughati wa I‘râbi Surati Yûsuf.
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