Syeda Anwara Taimur (born 24 November, 1936) was the chief minister of Indian state of Assam from 6 December 1980 to 30 June 1981. She is a leader of the Indian National Congress party in Assam. In the history of Assam, she is the only female and Muslim Chief Minister of the state. Her term as chief minister ended when the state was put under president's rule for six months.
Source : Wikipedia
In 1980, Syeda Anwara Taimur created history by being the only female and Muslim Chief Minister of the state of Assam from 6 December 1980 to 30 June 1981. Her term as chief minister ended when the state was put under president’s rule for six months. In 1985, Anowara lost to Abdul Jabbar belonging to United Minority Front. This Front later merged in AIUDF in 2006. In 1991, Anowara won again and became the Minister of Agriculture. In 1996, Anowara lost again. Till this period Anowara continued to be the lone female Muslim candidate from Congress (I), else other parties. The year 2001 could be called an important year for Muslim women as in that year two female Muslim women got elected. They are Husnewara Islam, widow of Zahirul Islam contesting from Mankachar constituency and representing Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) and Sharifa Begum, daughter of Dr. Muhammed Idris who was the Congress MLA in Rupohihat and Bhing constituency in 1972-1978, 1983, 1985. These two women could penetrate into the political sphere not due to their capabilities but due to the sphere created by their male family members like husband and father. Idris Ali was a member of assembly for several times and Zahirul Islam was too a prominent congress MLA from Mankachar. Except Sharifa Begum, all Muslim women were from elite Assamese Muslim family and Sharifaa is the first female Muslim MLA representing the Bengali speaking Muslims of Assam.