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351. Dr. N. Nishad Fathima



Senior Scientist


Academic Qualifications
B.Tech (1999), M.Tech (2001) in Leather Technology from Anna
University
Ph.D (2010) in Technology from Anna University
INSA Young Scientist Award in Engineering Sciences - 2011
Topic of PhD Thesis
  • "Studies on hydration and swelling phenomena and their relations to ultra structure and dimensional Stability of skin and leather" Under the guidance of Dr T Ramasami, then Director of CLRI presently Secretary, DST, New Delhi GoI.
Current Research Interest
  • Understanding the stabilization process of collagen (mechanism of tanning)
  • Elucidating role of water in stabilization of collagen
  • Development of smart leathers
  • Development of eco-friendly tanning technologies (chrome free / less chrome)
  • Treatment of tannery effluents (removal of toxic pollutants like chromium, dyes, etc.)
  • Solid waste management (preparation of value added products from tannery wastes)
Honours & Awards
  • Recipient of INSA medal for Young Scientist - 2011  
  • Recipient of DAAD Fellowship from German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for the year 2006-2007
  • Recipient of Quick Hire Fellowship 2001-2002 from CSIR-CLRI
  • Recipient of Ganesan Endowment Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in M. Tech.
  • Recipient of B.M. Das Memorial Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in M. Tech.
  • Recipient of Anna University Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in B. Tech.
  • Recipient of Santappa Silver Jubilee Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in B. Tech.
  • Recipient of B.M. Das Memorial Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in B. Tech.
  • Recipient of V. R. S. Leathers Gold Medal for securing 1 st rank in B. Tech.
  • Recipient of V.S. Jayaraman Endowment for securing the highest grades in all subjects during the first four semesters of B. Tech degree programme.
Major projects awarded
  • Intelligent leathers for smart functional applications
    Principle investigator - EMPOWER project scheme of CSIR
  • Collagen stabilization through functionalized nano particles
    Co-investigator -EMPOWER project scheme of CSIR
  • Studies on pore properties of hydrogels and leather
    Principle investigator -Fast Track scheme of DST
Teaching Experience
  • Serving as a Teaching Faculty for the B.Tech, Leather Technology Programme, Anna University, since 2001 in the subjects
    • Theory of skin proteins and pretannages
    • Theory and mechanism of inorganic tannages

  • Serving as Research Supervisor for B Tech, M Tech, MSc., M.Phil projects


INSA medal for Young Scientist - 2011

Visits Abroad
  • Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under Twinning programme during Oct - Nov, 2011.
  • Valencia, Spain to present a paper in the IULTCS congress during 27-30 September, 2011.
  • New London, USA to present a paper in the Gordon Research Conference during 19-24 July, 2009.
  • Athens, Greece to present a paper in the 3rd International Symposium on Environment during 22-25 May, 2008.
  • RWTH, Aachen, Germany for a period of 3 months under the DAAD short term fellowship during May-July, 2007.
Patent granted (International)
  • Process for making wet pink leathers, M Chandra Bose, N Nishad Fathima, KJ Sreeram, JR Rao, BU Nair and T Ramasami US Patent Number: 7252687, August 2007
Membership to Professional Bodies
  • Active member, American Leather Chemists Association (ALCA)
  • Active member, Society for Leather Technologits and Chemists (SLTC)
  • Life Member, Chemical Research Society of India (CRSI)
  • Life Member, Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)
  • Life Member, Indian Leather Technologists Association (ILTA)
  • A.C. Tech Leather and Footwear Association (ALFA)
Articles/Reviews in Books
  1. Management of chromium in industrial wastewaters
    N. Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
    Book entitled Industrial Pollution and its Management, Edited by P.C. Trivedi, Aavishkar Publications, Jaipur, 2006,
    pp. 1-32.
  2. Dye containing wastewaters: Sources, concerns and mitigation
    N. Nishad Fathima, R. Aravindhan, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
    Book entitled Industrial Pollution and Bioremediation, Edited by P.C. Trivedi, Aavishkar Publications, Jaipur, 2008,
    pp.56-75.
  3. Hydration and shrinkage phenomena in native and crosslinked collagen matrices
    N. Nishad Fathima
    Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy 2011, 77 (3),283-294.





Prospective Students
  • Currently recognized as supervisor in Anna University

  • Prospective students who wish to carry out their Masters’ project or doctoral research in the area of leather, bio and composite materials are welcome to send their request to nishad.naveed@gmail.com. Students with SRF/JRF/GATE/other qualifications are preferred for doctoral research.  
List of Publications
1
Chromium(VI) formation: Thermal studies on chrome salt and chrome tanned hide powder
Fathima, NN;,Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2001, 96, 444-450.
2
A new insight into the shrinkage phenomenon of hides and skins
Fathima, NN;, Dhathathreyan, A; Ramasami, T
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2001, 96, 417-425.
3
Mercury intrusion porosimetry, nitrogen adsorption, and scanning electron microscopy analysis of pores in skin
Fathima, NN;, Dhathathreyan, A; Ramasami, T
Biomacromol. 2002, 3, 899-904.
4
New chromium-zinc tanning agent: A viable option for less chrome technology
B. Madhan, N. Nishad Fathima, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2002, 97, 189-196.
5
Mixed metal tanning using chrome-zinc-silica: A new chrome-saver approach
Fathima, NN;, Madhan, B; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2003, 98, 139-146.
6
Augmentation of garment sheepskin type properties in goatskins: Role of chromium-silica tanning agent
Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Soc. Leather Technol. Chem. 2003, 87, 227-232.
7
Hydration in matrix stabilization of collagen fibres: Relevance to mechanistic   insight into tanning
B. Madhan, N. Nishad Fathima, J. Raghava Rao, V. Subramanian, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2003, 98, 263-272.
8
Effect of zirconium(IV) complexes on the thermal and enzymatic stability of type I collagen
Fathima, NN;, Balaraman, M; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Inorg. Biochem. 2003, 95, 47-54.
9
Molecular level understanding of tanning using an organo-zirconiuum complex
Madhan, B; Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2003, 98,445-450.
10
Interaction of aldehydes with collagen: effect on thermal, enzymatic and conformational stability
Fathima, NN;, Madhan, B; Rao, JR; Nair, BU; Ramasami, T
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.  2004, 34, 241-247.
11
An eco-benign tanning system using aluminiuum, tannic acid, and silica combination
Fathima, NN;, Saravanabhavan, S; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2004, 99, 73-81.
12
Combination of white minerals with natural tannins - Chrome-free tannage for garment leathers
Saravanabhavan, S; Fathima, NN; , Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Soc. Leather Technol. Chem.  2004, 88, 76-81.
13
Solid waste removes toxic liquid waste: Adsorption of chromium(VI) by iron complexed protein waste
Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39, 2804-2810.
14
Iron-phosphonium combination tanning: Towards a win-win approach
Fathima, NN;, Chandrabose, M; Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2005, 100, 273-281.
15
Stabilization of type I collagen against collagenases (type I) and thermal degradation using iron complex
Fathima, NN;, Bose, MC; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Inorg. Biochem. 2006, 100, 1774-1780.
16
Wet oxidation of acid brown dye by hydrogen peroxide using heterogeneous catalyst Mn-salen-Y zeolite: A potential catalyst
Aravindhan, R; Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, B138, 152-159.
17
Utilization of calcium alginate beads as adsorbent for removal of dyes from tannery wastewaters
Aravindhan, R; Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2006, 101, 223-230.
18
Tannic acid-phosphonium combination: A versatile chrome-free organic tanning
Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2006, 101, 161-168.
19
Wet white leather processing: A new combination tanning system
Fathima, NN;, Kumar, TP; Kumar, DR; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2006, 101, 58-65.
20
Influence of crosslinking agents on the pore structure of skin
Fathima, NN;, Dhathathreyan, A; Ramasami, T
Colloid Surf. B-Biointerfaces, 2007, 57, 118-123.
21
Biodegradability of leathers through anaerobic pathway
Dhayalan, K;, Fathima, NN;, Gnanamani, A; Rao, JR; Nair, BU; Ramasami, T
Waste Manage. 2007, 27, 760-767.
22
Equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on the removal of basic black dye using calcium alginate beads
Aravindhan, R; Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
Colloid Surf. A-Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 2007, 299, 232-238.
23
SPEEK polymeric membranes for fuel cell application and their characterization: A review
Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Lawrence, D; Yugandhar, U; Moorthy, TSR; Nair, BU
J. Sci. Ind. Res. 2007 66, 209-219.
24
Wetpink leather: Zirconium-THPS tanning
Fathima, NN;, Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Soc. Leather Technol. Chem. 2007, 91, 154-158.
25
Effect of UV irradiation on the physicochemical properties of collagen stabilized using aldehydes
Fathima, NN;, Suresh, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2007, 104, 3642-3648.
26
Role of green tea polyphenols crosslinking in alleviating UV radiation effect on collagen
Fathima, NN;, Ansari, T; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2007, 106, 3382-3386.
27
Effect of UV radiation on stabilized collagen: role of chromium(III)
Fathima, NN;, Suresh, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU; Ramasami, T
Colloid Surf. B-Biointerfaces 2008, 62, 11-16.
28
Dye house wastewater treatment through wet peroxide oxidation using Cu-exchanged Y zeolite catalyst
Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
Chemosphere. 2008, 70, 1146-1151.
29
Consequences of UV irradiation on the zirconium tanned collagen: A molecular level study
Fathima, NN;, Pragadhish, C; Purushothaman, B; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2008, 103, 422-427.
30
The formation of copper oxide nanorods in the presence of various surfactant micelles
Fathima, NN;, Rajaram, A; Sridhar, B; Mandal, AB
Ind. J. Sci. Technol. 2008, 1(7), 1-6.
31
An organic approach for wet white garment leathers
Kumar, PM; Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2009, 104, 112-118.
32
Utilization of organically stabilized proteinous solid waste for the treatment of colored wastewater
Fathima, NN;, Aravindhan, R; Rao, JR; Nair, BU
J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 2009, 84, 1338-1343
33
1.Role of curcumin on effecting changes in the physico-chemical properties of collagen
N. Nishad Fathima
, R Saranya Devi, K B Rekha and Aruna Dhathathreyan
Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (Chem Sci)2009, 121, 509-514
34
Effect of surfactants on the thermal, conformational and rheological properties of collagen
N. Nishad Fathima, Aruna Dhathathreyan
Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2009, 45, 274-278
35
Cost effective fixing process for post tanning operation
N. Nishad FathimaJ. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2010, 105, 100-106
36
A DSC investigation on the changes in pore structure of skin during leather processing
N. Nishad Fathima, M. Pradeep Kumar, J.R. Rao, B.U. Nair
Thermochimica Acta 2010, 501, 98-102
37 Directed 2-dimenional organization of collagen: role of crosslinking and denaturing agents
N. Nishad Fathima, Aruna Dhathathreyan and T. Ramasami
J. Chem. Sci. 2010, 122, 881-889
38 Effect of crosslinking on the structure and dynamics of water in collagen fibers
N. Nishad Fathima, M. Baias, B. Blumich and T. Ramasami
Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2010, 47, 590-596.
39 Degree of crosslinking of collagen at interfaces: adhesion and shear rheological indicators
N. Nishad Fathima, Aruna Dhathathreyan, T. Ramasami, J. Kr├Ągel and R. Miller
Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2011, 48, 67-73.
40 Stabilized protein waste as a source for removal of color from wastewaters
N. Nishad Fathima, R. Aravindhan, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
J. App. Poly. Sci. 2011, 120, 1397-1402.
41 Studies on phosphonium based combination tanning: less chrome approach
N. Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. 2011, 106, 249-256
42 Calorimetric analysis of gelatine-glycosaminoglycans composite system
Ivy Kanungo, Nisha Chellapa, N. Nishad Fathima, J.R. Rao
Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2011, 49, 289– 296
43 Effect of UV irradiation on the physico-chemical properties of iron crosslinked collagen
N. Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
J Photochemistry Photobiology 2011, 105, 203-206.
44 Tannery solid waste to remove toxic liquid wastes: a new paradigm
N. Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair
Env. Eng. Sci. (Accepted)
45 On the dielectric behaviour and pore size distribution of collagen-guar gum composite: Effect of guar gum concentration
M. Reshme, Ivy Kanungo, N. Nishad Fathima and J. R. Rao
Carb. Polymers 2012, 88, 628– 637
46 Stimuli responsive leathers using smart retanning agents
S. Sangeetha, N Nishad Fathima, K.J. Sreeram, J R Rao, B U Nair
J. Am. Leather Chem. Assoc. (Accepted)
List of Papers/Posters in National and International Conferences
1
Greener solution without green: ALTASI A viable tanning system
N Nishad Fathima, S Saravanabhavan, J Raghava Rao and B U Nair Poster Presented at 37th Leather Research Industry Get together, CLRI, Chennai, 27-30 Jan, 2003.
2
Effect of zirconium(IV) complexes on the thermal and enzymatic stability of type I collagen
N Nishad Fathima, B Madhan, J Raghava Rao and B U Nair
Poster Presented at 5th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, CLRI, Chennai, 7-9 Feb, p.60, 2003.
3
The Interaction of Zirconium Complexes with Collagen: Effect on Thermal and Enzymatic Stability
N Nishad Fathima, B Madhan, J Raghava Rao, B U Nair
Paper presented at seminar on Innovation in Leather Science and Technology, CLRI, Chennai, April 24, 2003.
4
Solid Wastes Remove Toxic Liquid Wastes: Adsorption of Chromium(VI) from the Industrial Effluents by Protein Wastes from Tannery
N Nishad Fathima, R. Aravindhan, J. Raghava Rao and B U Nair
Paper presented at Indian Science Congress Association, Punjab University, Chandigarh, January 3-7, 2004.
5
Adsorption, Desorption and Kinetic Studies on the Removal of Dyes from Tannery Effluent using Calcium Alginate Beads
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J Raghava Rao and B Unni Nair
Poster Presented at 6th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, IIT Kanpur, 4-7 Feb, 2004.
6
Interaction of Collagen with Iron-Tetrakis (Hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulfate Complex: Approach towards Understanding Collagen Stabilization by Iron Complexes
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J Raghava Rao, B Unni Nair and T Ramasami Poster Presented at Third symposium on Advances in Bioinorganic Chemistry (SABIC-2004) in conjunction with Second Asian Biological Inorganic Chemistry Conference (AsBIC-II), Goa, 5-10 Dec, 2004..
7
Iron-Phosphonium Combination Tanning: A New Dimensional Win-Win Tanning System
N Nishad Fathima, M Chandra Bose, J Raghava Rao and B U Nair.
Paper presented at seminar on Innovation in Leather Science and Technology, CLRI, Chennai, April, 2004.
8
Zeolite Encapsulated Manganese Schiff Base Complex Catalyzed Oxidation of Dyes in the Presence of H2O2
R Aravindhan, N Nishad Fathima, J Raghava Rao, B Unni Nair and T Ramasami
Poster presented at 7th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, Institute for Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, 4-6 Feb, 2005.
9
Mn-Exchanged Y Zeolite as Catalyst for Wet Peroxide Oxidation of Acid Brown Dye
R Aravindhan, N Nishad Fathima, J Raghava Rao, B Unni Nair and T Ramasami
Paper presented at seminar on Innovation in Leather Science and Technology, CLRI, Chennai, April 24, 2005.
10
Studies on iron-phosphonium based tanning system
N Nishad Fathima, M. Chandrabose, R. Aravindhan, J. R. Rao, B. U. Nair Poster presented at CSIR Foundation day, 26th September 2005, CLRI
11
Wet Peroxide Oxidation of Acid Dye in the Presence of Cu-exchanged Y Zeolite Catalyst
R Aravindhan, N Nishad Fathima, J Raghava Rao, B Unni Nair and T Ramasami
Paper presented at Indian Science Congress Association, Hyderabad, Chennai, Jan 3-7, 2006.
12
Zeolite encapsulated Copper Schiff base complex catalyzed oxidation of dyes in the presence of H2O2
R. Aravindhan, N Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao, B. U. Nair
Paper presented in 40th LERIG, CLRI, Chennai, January, 2006.
13
Effect of UV irradiation on physico chemical properties of collagen: Role of chromium(III)
N Nishad Fathima, J. R. Rao, B. U. Nair
Poster presented at 9th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, Delhi University, Delhi, 1-4 Feb, 2007.
14
Hydration Studies of Leather: Mobile One and Two Dimensional NMR with the NMR-MOUSE
N Nishad Fathima, M Baias, B. Blumich, T Ramasami
Poster presented at combined 9th International Conference on Magnetic Resonance Microscopy and 7th Colloquium on Mobile NMR, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, September 3-7, 2007.
15
Removal of Dyes Using Solid Waste from Tanneries
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J R Rao and B U Nair
Poster presented at 42nd LERIG, CLRI, Chennai, January, 2008.
16
Influence of Crosslinking Agents on Water Structure of Collagen
N Nishad Fathima, Aruna Dhathathreyan, T Ramasami Poster presented at International Conference on Trends in Collagen Research, CLRI, Chennai, January 24-25, 2008.
17
Removal of Dyes Using Solid Waste from Tanneries: Twin Benefit Technology
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J R Rao and B U Nair
Poster presented at 10th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, IISC, Bangalore, 4-7 Feb, 2008
18
Glutaraldehyde Crosslinked Protein Waste for Removal of Colors from Wastewaters
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J R Rao and B U Nair
Oral presentation at 3rd International Symposium on Environment, conducted by Athens Institute for Education and Research, Athens, Greece, 22-25 May, 2008.
19
Utilization of Solid Waste for Removal of Dyes
N Nishad Fathima, R Aravindhan, J R Rao and B U Nair
Poster presented at Symposium on Education and Research in Sustainability, under the aegis of Indo-German Cooperation in Higher Education, IIT Madras, 8-9 September, 2008.
20 Structure and Hydration Dynamics of Collagen and Its Influence on Adhesion and Dilation Moduli at Interfaces
N Nishad Fathima, Aruna Dhathathreyan, B Blumich and T Ramasami
Oral Presentation at Gordon Research Conference on Collagen, New London, USA, 19-24 July, 2009.
21 Smart Leather for Smart Functional Applications: New Age Material
N Nishad Fathima, K J Sreeram, J R Rao and B U Nair
Oral Presentation at VIII Asia International conference on Leather Science and Technology, held at Kolkata, India, Nov 12-14, 2010.
22 Collagen Based Smart Drug Delivery Systems
Ivy Kanungo, N Nishad Fathima, J R Rao and B U Nair
Poster Presentation at VIII Asia International conference on Leather Science and Technology, held at Kolkata, India, Nov 12-14, 2010.
23 Development of Collagen Based Smart Drug Delivery Systems
Ivy Kanungo, N Nishad Fathima, J R Rao and B U Nair
Poster presented at 13th National Symposium in Chemistry under the aegis of Chemical Research Society of India, held at Bhubaneswar, India, 4-6 Feb, 2011.
24 Tannery Solid Waste Management: Wealth from Waste
N Nishad Fathima, S N Jaishankar, J R Rao and B U Nair
Paper presented in XXXI IULTCS Congress, Spain, Sep 2011
25 Smart Materials for Stimuli Responsive Leather
N Nishad Fathima, S Sangeetha, K J sreeram, J R Rao and B U Nair
Paper presented in XXXI IULTCS Congress, Spain, Sep 2011
26 Development of Collagen based Smart Drug Delivery Systems
I Kanungo, N Nishad Fathima, J R Rao and B U Nair
Paper presented in XXXI IULTCS Congress, Spain, Sep 2011
27 Collagen stabilization using functionalized nanoparticles
K J Sreeram, M Nidhin, S Sangeetha, N Nishad Fathima, U Ramamurthy, B U Nair
Paper presented in XXXI IULTCS Congress, Spain, Sep 2011


Source : clri.org

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