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396. Dr. Muhammad Abdul Haq Ansari

Dr. Muhammad Abdul Haq Ansari (1 September 1931 – 3 October 2012) was an Islamic thinker of modern times. He was the former Amir (president) of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH), the largest organisation in India for Islamic cause. He is presently a member of the Central Advisory Council of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. He was associated with JIH from when he was a high school student and became a member in 1952. He also directed research on Religious Traditions, which includes Islam and other religions at the Islamic Academy, formerly Centre for Religious Studies and Guidance, Aligarh, as its Director since 1996. For more than ten years he pursued research in various aspects of Islamic thought at the Centre for Academic Research, Imam Muhammad b. Saud Islamic University, Riyadh. He is the Chancellor of Jamia Islamia (Islamic university), Shantapuram, Kerala (India).


After completing Alimiyat from Darsgah Islami, Rampur, Abdul Haq Ansari came to Aligarh where he studied Arabic, Philosophy and history and obtained his B.A from Aligarh Muslim University, in 1957. He pursued higher studies in philosophy and obtained M.A. (Philosophy)from Aligarh Muslim University in 1959. He did his Ph.D. (Philosophy) from Aligarh Muslim University in 1962. He also obtained a masters degree,M.T.S. (Comparative Religion and Theology), from Harvard University 1972.
 Academic Activities
He has been teaching philosophy in various universities and engaged in various academic activities for a long time. He was a lecturer at Visva-Bharati University in West Bengal,India. He undertook many research works at Centre for Academic Research, Imam Muhammad b. Saud Islamic University, Riyadh. He has read many papers in international and national conferences. Some of them are:
  • Orientalist Conference, New Delhi, January 1964, paper read : The Concept of Ultimate Happiness in Muslim Philosophy Compared with Buddhist Nirvana.
  • International Fifth East-West Philosophers Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1969, Presided over a week-long Sectional meeting, and read paper on Alienation of Modern Man and Islam.
  • International Religious Conference, Patiala University, 1969, paper read : Guru Nanak’s View of God.
  • Participated in the International Seminar on Morality and Law, New Delhi, 1973.
  • World Conference on Religions and Peace, Brussels, 1974.
  • International Islamic Education Conference, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, 1977, read paper : Transformation of the Perspective.
  • Islamic Studies Conference, Aligarh, 1962, paper read: The Ethics of Ibn Sina.
  • Oriental Studies Conference, Gauhati, 1965, paper read : The Good and the Right in the Mutazilite Theology.
  • Seminar on Religion, Bhagalpur University, 1969, paper read: Integration of Indian Society and Islam (Urdu: Qowmi Ekjihati Aur Islam).
  • Sahitya Academy Seminar, New Delhi, 1969, paper read: Some Observations on Guru Nanak.
  • Philosophy Conference, Madras University, 1969, paper read: Liberation and Islam.
  • Seminar on Philosophy of Religion, Visva Bharati, Santiniketan, 1974, paper read: Myth, Truth and the Qur'an.
  • Sahitya Academy Seminar, New Delhi, 1975, paper read: Shaykh Farid Ganj Shakar: An Ideal Sufi.
  • Seminar on Islamic Thought, Jamia Millia, New Delhi, 1976, paper read: A critical Review of Islamic Theology Urdu: Ilm Kalam Ka Tanqidi Jaizah.
  • Seminar on Islam in a changing World, Aligarh Muslim University, 1977 paper read: Islamic Values and Change.

 Research and Works

  • The Ethical Philosophy of Miskawaih, Aligarh Muslim University Press, Aligarh, India, 1964.
  • The Moral Philosophy of al-Farabi, Aligarh, India, 1965.
  • The Islamic Ideal (in Urdu: Maqsad Zindagi Ka Islami Tasawwar), Maktaba Islami, Delhi, India, 1970
  • Sufism and Shariah: A Study of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi’s Effort to Reform Sufism, The Islamic Foundation, Leicester, U.K. 1985
  • An Introduction to the Exegesis of the Quran, (English translation of Ibn Taymiyah’s Muqaddamat al-Tafsir with introduction and notes), Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1989.
  • Learning the Language of the Quran, Centre for Religious Studies and Guidance, Aligarh, India, 1997.
  • Ibn Taymiyah Expounds on Islam, Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in America, Washington, U.S.A., 2000.
  • Commentary on the Creed of Al-Tahawi, transl. with an Introduction of Ibn Abi l-‘Izz’s Sharh al-‘Aqidah al-Tahawiyah, Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences, Washington, U.S.A., 2000.
  • Tasawwuf aur Shariah: Shaykh Mujaddid Ke Fikr Ka Mutali’ah, Urdu trans. of my Sufism and Shariah, with a new Introduction, Maktaba Islami, New Delhi, 2001.
  • Serving God (translation of the Risalah al-Ududiyah of Ibn Taymiyah).
  • Sufi Perspectives on Experience and Reality: An Exercise in Understanding Sufism
  • Mujaddid Deen-e-Ummat aur Tasawwuf, MMI Publishers, New Delhi, 2008.

 Last breath

Oct. 3,2012: Prof. Muhammad Abdul Haq Ansari, former Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami Hind and an Islamic scholar of international repute, breathed his last at his residence in Aligarh this afternoon, following a brief cardiac failure. He was 81.

Source : Wikipedia

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